Handicap Information

A handicap is a numerical measure of a player's ability. A specific formula is used to compute a handicap index by factoring in a player's score, tees used and the difficulty of the course played. Benefits of maintaining a handicap include the ability to compete with golfers of other skills levels on an equitable basis on any course, from any tees. It also provides an objective way to measure golf skill improvement.
A Handicap Index compares a player's scoring ability to the scoring ability of a scratch golfer on a course of standard difficulty. It reflects the player's potential because it is based upon the best handicap differentials posted for a given number of rounds, ideally the best 10 of the last 20 rounds.

Is there a fee for a handicap?
Access to the EWGA’s Handicap System (GN21) is part of your EWGA membership. This system calculates a handicap index based on requirements set forth by the USGA, so EWGA members who utilize it are receiving official USGA handicap indexes.
How do I establish my handicap?
·         Log into the members section of the EWGA website and click on the “Handicap” link to activate your handicap account.
·         Play in EWGA events (or in non-EWGA events with other people) and start getting your scores posted.
·         Your handicap index is calculated once you have posted five (5) 18-hole rounds (or ten (10) 9-hole rounds).
·         Handicap indexes are updated every two weeks during the season and, once enough rounds are posted, are calculated based on the best 10 of your last 20 rounds.
Who do I contact with questions regarding my handicap?
Rose Cross (rose.cross@sbcglobal.com - 317-209-4021) for questions, fixing mistakes, editing scores, etc.
Will someone be posting our scores from league play & EWGA events this year?
 Yes. You must indicate on your league sign-up form or on the scorecard turned in that you want your score posted. You must have your handicap account activated for scores to be posted. Scores will be posted weekly.
How do I get my scores posted for non-EWGA golf rounds or if I need a league score to be posted?
You are responsible for posting your own scores in these cases. If you need help, contact Jenni Ginsburg. As with all aspects of golf, the handicap system expects honesty and integrity from its participants. All individuals maintaining an official handicap have the following responsibilities:
·         Post every eligible score during the posting season.
·         Play all rounds eligible for posting under the USGA Rules of Golf.
·         Make an effort to make the best score on each hole of every round played.
Please CLICK HERE for instructions on how to post your own scores.
How do I access my handicap information online?
1. Visit www.ewga.com.
2. Click on “Member Login” on the upper right-corner of the page.
3. Login or use the “New Visitor Registration” link if you are a new member.
4. Click on “Handicap” on the left side of the page.
5. You will be taken to a page with your handicap information. This page also has links to enter scores, review your scoring record, and print your handicap card.
6. Note that the GN21 system also provides a “Handicap Trend”, an unofficial estimate of a handicap which represents un-reviewed scores. The "L" that appears after your trend stands for Local Handicap and is required to be there per USGA. It is only on the trend and does not affect your index.
What is Equitable Stroke Control (ESC) and do I need to follow it when posting my scores?
Equitable Stroke Control (ESC) is the downward adjustment of individual hole scores for handicap purposes in order to make handicaps more representative of a player's potential ability. ESC sets a maximum number that a player can post on any hole depending on the player's Course Handicap. ESC is used only when a player's actual or most likely score exceeds the player's maximum number based on the table below.
If the score you would like posted for league or an event is different than the actual score you
wrote down on the scorecard for the round, please make the ESC adjustment and note it on the scorecard.
Is my GN21 handicap the same as a GHIN handicap?
The GN21 and GHIN handicaps are both USGA handicaps and are calculated using the same method. Some clubs require a specific handicap, such as GHIN, for entry into a tournament. If you are in need of a GHIN handicap, you will need to establish it at an IGA/PGA member club at an additional cost.   The Indiana Golf Office website contains information on IGA/PGA member clubs: http://www.indianagolf.org/index.php
USGA Handicap System Definitions (information from the USGA Handicap Manual – www.usga.org)
The purpose of the USGA Handicap System is to make the game of golf more enjoyable by enabling players of differing abilities to compete on an equitable basis. The System provides a fair Course Handicap for each player, regardless of ability, and adjusts a player's Handicap Index up or down as the player's game changes. At the same time, the System disregards high scores that bear little relation to the player's potential ability and promotes continuity by making a Handicap Index continuous from one playing season or year to the next. A Handicap Index is useful for all forms of play, and is issued only to individuals who are members of a licensed golf club.
Two basic premises underlie the USGA Handicap System, namely that each player will try to make the best score at every hole in every round, regardless of where the round is played, and that the player will post every acceptable round for peer review. The player and the player's Handicap Committee have joint responsibility for adhering to these premises.
A Handicap Index compares a player's scoring ability to the scoring ability of a scratch golfer on a course of standard difficulty. A player posts scores along with the appropriate USGA Course Rating and Slope Rating to make up the scoring record. A Handicap Index is computed from no more than 20 scores plus any eligible tournament scores. It reflects the player's potential because it is based upon the best handicap differentials posted for a given number of rounds, ideally the best 10 of the last 20 rounds.
A Handicap Index is portable from course to course, as well as from one set of tees to another set of tees on the same course. A player converts a Handicap Index to a Course Handicap based on the Slope Rating of the tees played.
A USGA Course Rating is the USGA's mark that indicates the evaluation of the playing difficulty of a course for a scratch golfer under normal conditions based on yardage and other obstacles that affect scoring ability. A Slope Rating is a measurement of the relative difficulty of a course for players who are not scratch golfers. Each course is rated from each set of tees for both the scratch golfer and the bogey golfer. The USGA Course Rating and Slope Rating together reflect the difficulty of the course for a player who is not a scratch golfer. The greater the difference between the scores of the scratch and bogey golfers on a certain course, the higher the Slope Rating will be and the more strokes players will receive. Conversely, the less the difference, the lower the Slope Rating will be and the fewer strokes players will receive.
A "scratch golfer" is a player who can play to a Course Handicap of zero on any and all rated golf courses. A male scratch golfer, for rating purposes, can hit tee shots an average of 250 yards and can reach a 470-yard hole in two shots at sea level. A female scratch golfer, for rating purposes, can hit tee shots an average of 210 yards and can reach a 400-yard hole in two shots at sea level.
Information sources include the USGA Handicap Manual, the Handicapping section of the USGA website, and other EWGA Chapter websites.